The most comprehensive published source is Geoff Blackburn’s ‘The Children’s Friend Society’, which includes an index to the names of children sent to the Cape as well as embarkation rolls (those which survive) and letters written by some child emigrants. This book also discusses children sent to
and Canada; generally these
fared better than the child emigrants to the Cape.
Should you wish to dig deeper, the CFS Annual Reports for 1834 and 1838 are held at the British Library. The 1836 Report and other CFS material can be found at TNA,
in CO 48/204. The 1839 Report is in the Kress-Goldsmith Library, London;
a microfilmed version is available at the .
of University Western Australia
The Gloucestershire Record Office has a collection known as the Hardwicke Papers, including a volume of pamphlets concerning Brenton and the CFS. Among these are the 1835 and 1836 Annual Reports.
The 1840 ‘Report from the Governor of the Cape of Good Hope relative to the Conditions and Treatment of the Children sent out by the CFS’ is available at TNA Kew in CO 48/207. A reprint has been published by the Irish University Press. A copy of the 1840 Report is held in the Free State Archives,
Bloemfontein, SA, in an Imperial Blue Book
(VAB IBB Vol 2 Ref 323).
There are numerous press reports (UK) on the CFS from its founding (as the Society for the Suppression of Juvenile Vagrancy) in November 1830, through its development and successful years up to 1838, the Trubshaw case and Brenton’s death in 1839 and subsequent decline of the Society to 1841.
Brenton, J: Memoir of Captain Edward Pelham Brenton R.N., C.B. with sketches of his professional life and exertions in the cause of humanity as connected with the Children’s Friend Society (
Bradlow, E: The Children’s Friend Society at the
Cape of Good
Hope (Victorian Studies Vol 27 No 2 1984)
Blackburn, G: The Children’s Friend Society: juvenile emigrants to
Western Australia, South Africa and Canada
1834-1842 ( Western Australia
Brown, M: Die Children’s Friend Society in Engeland en die Kaap die Goeie Hoop, 1830-1841 (In Afrikaans; Archives year book of South African history 1994)
Bull, E: Aided Immigration from
Britain to South
Africa 1857-1867 (HSRC Pretoria
Wagner, G: Children of the Empire (
Fowler, Simon: Workhouse, An Everyday Tale of Ultimate Degradation (The National Archives 2007)
Shore, H: Artful Dodgers: Youth & Crime in Early 19th century
Thomas, D: The Victorian Underworld (1998)
Transcripts of embarkation rolls from
Details of the Hibner trial 1827.
Fascinating background information on
workhouses and their records, photos, maps, lists and the Poor Law Acts.