Friday, April 20, 2018

When was the Edwardian era?

This is a question I am often asked. Wikipedia tells us 'The Edwardian era covers the brief reign of King Edward VII, 1901 to 1910, and is sometimes extended in both directions to capture long-term trends from the 1890s to the First World War. The death of Queen Victoria in January 1901 marked the end of the Victorian era.'

However, it is difficult to be precise about the term 'era'. Sometimes there is an invisible 'feel' to certain years which may categorise them as Victorian or Edwardian. Victorian society was very conservative while the years that Edward VII was on the throne were more relaxed from the point of view of morals and behaviour. The Edwardian years saw the rise of such things as electricity, motor cars, telephones etc, which would become standard in the modern world. 

In South Africa, the British were fighting a war against the Boers when Queen Victoria died in 1901. Before the end of this war was in sight, some 500 000 men of the British Empire were in the field. In another dozen years vast numbers of men would die in World War I. Not an entirely happy start to the twentieth century, yet life went on and we know from surviving photographs that fashion was still important, especially to the female population who were well-heeled enough to follow trends. 

Changes of fashion had been reported in women's magazines during most of the 19th century but in South Africa women had had to rely on fashion plates which may have been out of date. This changed as by the turn of the century overseas magazines were readily available to South African ladies who were then able to keep up with developments.

Edwardian lady's costume 1905: large hat perched on top of the head , 
pouter pigeon effect to the front of the bodice, 
and the hair swept up and bouffant. Long flowing skirt and tiny waist (good corseting),
large puffy sleeves. A frothy, feminine style.

Thursday, April 19, 2018

Passengers to Natal per Dane, Priscilla, Eleonore and Eveline 1863

and DEPARTURE OF HEATHEL [sic] BELL - Natal Mercury June 23 1863

June 20, RMS Dane, from Cape Town and intermediate ports. Cargo, general.
From Cape Town:
Lieut Harrison
P Milner
From Algoa Bay:
Mr Henry (Consul General Belgium)
Mr and Mrs Botha and child
Mr and Mrs Thornhill and three children
From East London:
Miss Driver
R Walker
Lieut Tolner (Tollner)
Dr Tate
Mr and Mrs McKay and two children
Professor Hansen
Left Table Bay June 12 at 3 p.m., arrived at Algoa Bay on the 15th, at 1 p.m.; left Algoa Bay on the 16th, at 1 p.m., arrived off East London on the 17th, at 1 p.m., sea too high to land; left East London on the 18th, at 1 p.m. arrived at Port Natal and came to anchor on the 20th, at 10.30 a.m.
- J Brown, agent.

June, Priscilla, barque, 253 tons, G Brown, from London, sailed 2nd April. General cargo.
J Vincent
Reginal Bowers
Mrs Greening, son and daughter
- Handley and Dixon, agents.

June 21, Eleonore, barque, 302 tons, C Jonains, from Algoa Bay, sailed 10th June.
Mr Hugill

June 21, Eveline, schooner, 101 tons, G Murison, from Cape Town, sailed 16th June,
Mr HB Portland
- McArthur and Co., agents.

June 18, Heathel Bell barque 257 tons, R Thomas, to Ceylon, in ballast.
Mrs Eastwood and two children.

*Thomas Alfred Gadsden my g grandfather would later become lightkeeper at the Bluff Lighthouse and marry Eliza Ann Bell, daughter of Port Captain William Bell. 

Priscilla barque 1863; Capt G Brown

Wednesday, April 18, 2018

Passengers to Natal: Rochester 1862

Arrival of the barque Rochester at Port Natal, 17 November 1862

November 17 - Rochester, barque, Wm Bruce, 393 tons, from London 21 August

Mr and Miss Atkinson
Mr and Mrs Crossley and 5 children
Mr and Mrs Cartwright
Mr and Mrs Williams
Rev and Mrs Guard and child
Mr Poole

Second Cabin

Mr and Mrs Henry
Mr and Mrs Durrant and 3 children
Mr Bremner
John and Samuel Pinder
Mary A Wrightson
Mr and Mrs Smith

Departure: Rochester
23 February for Singapore
Mr Woody

Three masted barque similar to Rochester

Saturday, April 14, 2018

Souvenir Saturday: Arnold family

Julia Elizabeth Jessie Arnold nee Irvine 1865-1940. Julia married
William Marshall Arnold 5 May 1884, St Paul's Cathedral, Durban
 Photographed by W L Caney

Even though a photo may not be in tip-top condition, it's always a pleasure for me to receive photographs which include ALL the clues, including the edges of the card, as square or rounded corners were used at various dates. The mount and back of the photo are as important as the front view showing the subject. These areas often give the studio name - in this case, William Laws Caney. The latter was in Durban 1883 -1893, advertising the 'best lighted and most convenient cabinet portraits available from 1 pound per dozen.' He moved to Pietermaritzburg and was there for some years, in 1909 operating at 208 Church Street.

Acknowledgements: Peter Hare and Dale Schultz

Friday, April 13, 2018

Titanic echoes from the deep ...

What do a decorative hair comb, a violin and case, a porcelain teacup and saucer (broken) have in common? They are all artefacts recovered from the wreck of the Titanic. It is right that they should not be left in perpetual darkness. 

Sic Transit Gloria Mundi

See more at

Thursday, April 12, 2018

Passengers to Natal per RMS Saxon 1867

ARRIVAL OF RMS SAXON Natal Mercury April 24 1867

Built in 1863 at Southampton, the Union liner Saxon was 1,142 tons and a sister to the Roman. Her maiden voyage to the Cape in 1863 was made in the record time of 31 days, which she later improved upon reaching Cape Town in 28 days out of London. According to the mail contract 38 days was the allotted time taken by the Union steamers. In 1870 her graceful lines - and her speed - were spoilt by the addition of a poop, and in 1876 she was sold to a company in Hull who renamed her Benguella. She was lost at sea in 1890.

The Natal Mercury reported:
This steamer arrived at the outer anchorage about two o'clock yesterday afternoon, after a quick run of less than five days from Cape Town, which she left on the 18th inst., having arrived there at 8.30 p.m. on the 15th, also in five days from Natal.

For Port Natal
FWB Louch
JD Reeves
A Horwood
Miss Wilson
Capt Chaplain
Col H Tower and servant
Rev Mr and Mrs Turnbull
Miss Lloyd
Capt Blythe
Mrs Jackson and child
Mr and Mrs Donovan
For Mauritius
Mons De H de Cessan
Capt Layboyne
Mr J Sewell
Rev Mr and Mrs Street
Mr Von Abo
For Point de Galle
Mrs Dempsey

The Saxon left Algoa Bay at noon on Monday, the 23rd.
The Roman arrived in Table Bay on the 16th with the English mails of March 10th. Her news of course has been mostly anticipated by the Mauritius mail.
The mails were landed with very prompt dispatch by the tug, and delivered with the dispatch usual on such occasions at our post office.

Wednesday, April 11, 2018

Passengers to Natal per Silvery Wave, Medusa and Tirsah 1863

and DEPARTURE OF RMS NORMAN   Natal Mercury November 3 1863

Oct 31 - Medusa, barque, 260 tons, W Lancaster, from London, sailed August 14.
Mr and Mrs Evans
Mr and Mrs Eastwood and five children
Mr and Mrs Moore
Mr and Mrs Jackson
Miss Onge
Mr and Mrs Tredwall and child
Mr and Miss Fuller
Mr Rait
General cargo.
AW Evans, agent.

Nov - Silvery Wave, 201 tons, C Warren, from London; sailed August 1.
Mr and Mrs Tarbotton
Mr and Mrs Wilkes and family
Second Cabin
Mr and Mrs Brooks
Miss Dyson
Turner (2)
J Hardy
Mr and Mrs Brenken and family
General cargo.
Handley and Dixon, agents.

Nov 1 - Tirsah, 123 tons, T Richards, from London; sailed August 1.
Mr WW Foster
J Brown, agent.

Oct 28 - Elizabeth Anne, 147 tons, J Lewis, to Mauritius in ballast.
Gillespie and Co, agents.
Oct 31 - RMS Norman, 500 tons, RB Davies, for Cape Town, and intermediate ports.

For Cape Town
First Class
Van der Byl
W Dacomb
RJ Dill
Mrs Smith
Mrs Pope
Second Class
Mr Jno Smith
Mrs and Master Kermode
Algoa Bay
First Class
Mr E Marsh
Second Class
Mr Charles Williams
Mr McLeod
East London
Mr Fuller
J Brown, agent.

Oct 31 - Monsoon, barque, 296 tons, W Turnbull, for Mauritius, in ballast.
Gillespie and Co, agents.

Monday, April 9, 2018

Passengers to Natal per Eudora 1864

EUDORA Natal Government Gazette 22 September 1864
Immigration Board

It is hereby notified for the information of those whom it may concern, that the following Emmigrants have arrived by the Eudora:-

Brown, Elizabeth - Servant
Brooks, Charles - Carpenter
Brooks, Elizabeth
Brooks, James
Brooks, Elizabeth
Barret, Christian - Domestic Servant
Crocket, Janet - Dressmaker
Craig, John - Storekeeper
Donoghue, Thomas - Farm Laborer
Elliott, Susan H - Dressmaker
Edwards, Elizabeth - Servant
Evans, Richard - Laborer
Fahy, Thomas- Tailor
Flemming, William - Laborer
Flemming, Elizabeth
Flemming, William
Flemming, John
Gove, John - Blacksmith
Garson, David - Blacksmith
Gold, William - Ploughman
Gold, Mary
Hind, Mary - Dressmaker
Johnstone, William - Clerk
Johnstone, Marion
Johnstone, Isabella
Johnstone, Jessie
Johnstone, Helen
Kane, Patrick - Laborer
MacPhail, Dugald - Shopkeeper
Munro, Donald - Carpenter
Munro, George
Noble, Halliburton - Apothecary
Noble, James - Plumber
Noble, Mary
Noble, Anne
Graham, Agnes - Servant
Plowright, John D - Shoemaker
Plowright, Louisa
Plowright, James
Rogers, George - Mason
Speight, Annie - Servant
Steele, Alexander - Carpenter
Steele, Jessie
Samways, Sarah - Domestic Servant
Sinclair, Duncan - Shepherd
Sinclair, Margaret
Sinclair, Archibald
Sinclair, Donald
Sinclair, Sarah
Taylor, John - Blacksmith
Thomson, Jessie - Servant
Thomson, William
Tweedie, Jane - Wife
Tweedie, Elizabeth
Tweedie, Anne
Tweedie, Robert
Tweedie, John
Tweedie, Joanna
Woolridge, William - Blacksmith
Woolridge, Mary
Woolridge, WH
O'Conner, Cathe
Lucas, Emily

JAMES CRAW, Secretary Immigration Board Sept 22, 1864

Not the Eudora but a similar three-master of the time, beautifully painted.

Saturday, April 7, 2018

Souvenir Saturday: Arnold family - sons of W M Arnold ca 1902

Five sons of William Marshall Arnold: a delightful photograph by H Kisch ca 1902.
I like the sporting touches - tennis racket, cricket bat and football.

Acknowledgements: Peter Hare and Dale Schultz.

Thursday, April 5, 2018

Landing adventures at Natal 1871

The Beethoven’s machinery (cargo) is not yet landed. The weather has been unfavourable, and in consequence, the steamer is not to sail tomorrow as originally intended; her mails are postponed to Monday. The swell outside has been very heavy. The Natal was to have taken a supplementary mail, which was advertised to close the morning after the regular mail at five o’clock, and two passengers trusted to get on board by some boat – unfortunately as the morning turned out rough there could be no communication. Mr MOHR, the German explorer, is one of the two unfortunates. It is particularly annoying to him, as his luggage, containing the results of his trip, is parted from him, and consequently in some danger of being lost. The Beethoven leaving so soon after the mail steamer, will enable him to rejoin without much loss of time. 

There was such a heavy swell on part of the time that the two steamers were lying outside as to make the Natal roll almost gunwales under and shipping water over the side …The Beethoven, from her superior size, although also very uncomfortable, did not roll so heavily. I heard that in the process of shipping cargo, a chain-hook swinging about in the air struck one of the Natal’s men with such force in the chest that he died shortly after. It will be a wonder if the boiler or pan on board the Beethoven which they intend trying to unship, will get successfully on shore without accident.

The boatmen have had experience of landing machinery from outside lately. The Margaret Wilkie although she came inside to unload the most unwieldy portions of her cargo, did unload some large pieces from outside and the boatmen got so terrified that they were like to decline going out any more to her. They used to have to flee for their lives sometimes, when some of the heavy pieces of machinery were swinging about in mid air, pendulum like, above their heads. The landing of the Beethoven’s heavy boiler and pan is a problem which has yet to be wrought out and as yet except at the first, they have not had favourable weather for it.

An intending passenger by the Natal has had the courage to try the point, whether passengers, embarking or disembarking, must pay the boatmen, or whether the passage-money paid does not entitle him to be placed on board and landed at the ship’s expense. Many passengers have objected to the charge, but in the hurry and anxiety of leaving and arriving, they have not had the courage or opportunity to stand out against it, and this time one has, although his luggage was already on board.

The Natal took a box of diamonds away, the property of the agents Messrs Escombe, Gladstone & Co, value some £1,500 or £1,800. The Beethoven takes away from the Natal Bank the largest shipment of diamonds that has yet left the colony - insured for £10 000, but various estimated by the owners to be worth £25,000 to £40,000. Among them is the largest South African diamond yet found, Lucas’s 107 carat gem. I think there are not a dozen larger diamonds in the world.

Mr COODE’s report on the Harbour Works is carefully conned here. Mr MILNE’s pertinent reply to congratulations on its agreement with his works and plans is “Aye, but you have spent your money.” The bitterness of the disappointment is, no doubt, after this lapse of time, past to him. The captain of the Beethoven expressed astonishment when he saw the Breakwaters, at their being erected nearly a mile from the entrance, as anyone with common sense but perhaps a skilled engineer, would do; strange how too much elaboration of the senses seem sometimes to dull what is called the balance of the senses, common sense ...

Mr BAINES, the explorer of the interior, is in town just now. We hope to hear soon of his giving the promised lecture. The drawings, and water-colour sketches of up-country scenes, are interesting in the extreme; they would form invaluable illustrations to a book of his travels. Perhaps they may appear in that form some day.

[Source: The Natal Witness 28 Feb 1871]

Passengers to Natal per Beethoven, barque Durban, RMS Natal 1871

Natal Witness February 24 1871

Per Beethoven
Dr, Mrs and Miss Aldridge
Miss Kernley
Miss Bainbridge
James Winter

Feb 19 - Durban, barque, 322 tons, Jarvis,
from London, Dec 8. Cargo: General.
Mr, Mrs, and Miss Darby
Mr and Mrs Higham
Mr and Mrs Paverd and son
Mr Ward and son
AW Evans, agent.

Feb 20 - Hanover, barque, 200 tons, Burgess, fom London, Dec 7. Cargo: General.
Parker, Wood and Co, agents
Feb 19 - William Shaw, schooner, 39 tons, Halus, from Delagoa Bay and Inhambane, in ballast.
29 natives
Harvey, Greenacre and Co, agents.

Feb 23 - RMS Natal, 452 tons, Diver, for Cape Town and intermediate ports. Cargo: Colonial produce valued at about £6,000; and diamonds of the value of about £1,800.
For Southampton
W Stephen
JG RollsPayne
Bennett and two children
Mrs Bale and son
Mrs Sydney
For Cape Town
Dr and Mrs Maxham
Sergt and Mrs Doubleday and two children
Mr Samuelson
For Algoa Bay
Mr and Mrs GT Hill
Mr CB Schultz
For Mossel Bay
Mrs Niepoth
For East London
4 men 2-20th Regt
1 man, 32nd Regt
Escombe, Gladstone and Co, agents

Beethoven, steamer, 2500 tons, Cumming, from London and intermediate ports.
Grant and Fradd, agents
Umvoti, ship, 464 tons, Mills, from London
Escombe, Gladstone and Co, agents
Durban, barque, 322 tons, Jarvis, from London
AW Evans, agent
Hanover, barque, 299 tons, Burgess, from London
Parker, Wood and Co, agents
Sybil, schooner, 121 tons, Porter, for Melbourne
W,B Lyne, agent.
Margaret Wilkie, barque, 318 tons, Alexander, for London
Parker, Wood and Co, agents
Natal Star, ship, 368 tons, Airth, from London. To sail about Nov 10.
Amine, 171 tons, Frond, from London
Sea Nymph, brig, 130 tons, Tuscon, from Melbourne
Beningfield and Son, agents
Princess Alice, brig, 199 tons, Sim, from London
Grant and Fradd, agents.

Tuesday, April 3, 2018

Passengers Australia to Natal and Diamond Fields per St Kilda 1872

ST KILDA FROM AUSTRALIA Natal Mercury June 6 1872

The St Kilda's Passengers met at the Immigration Aid Office yesterday afternoon, by invitation of the Directors. Of the latter there were present the Mayor, in the chair, and Messrs H Escombe, Goodliffe, Greenacre, Robinson, and Dacomb. Mr Escombe explained at length the objects of the Office, and an interesting conversation followed chiefly bearing on the best and cheapest way of reaching the Diamond Fields. The new comers expressed much satisfaction with the attentions exhibited, and unanimously passed a resolution to that effect. It was finally decided to publish an advertisement, at the cost of the Office, calling for tenders for transport, and we refer wagon owners and carriers to the announcment elsewhere. Specimens of quartz from Marabastadt were pronounced excellent, but not sufficient in themselves to prove the existence of a gold field. Some of those present said they had seen in Australia similar specimens from reefs which were not payably auriferous. We heartily trust that our new friends, of whom there are about seventy, will succeed in reaching the Fields quickly and cheaply, and that when there, success will crown their efforts.

The following is a list of the passengers by this vessel from Australia 

Mr and Mrs A McKenzie
Mr and Mrs Slatbury
Mr B Longer
Miss F Chapman
Mr and Mrs G Foster
Mr and Mrs Mortlock
W Davidson
A Petrie
J Haston
G Macfarland
W Griffith
J Gadfield
L Foss
J Fotheringale
J Layle
D Dannen
T Dalahursty
J Ross
V Mochlig
D Hughes
J Tanson
R Leveson
Thos Malcaby
W Hercus
D McKermon
J Woodinge
J MacKereth
P Murphy
E Simpkins
D Pigott
J Trexion
W Sutton
E Longmore
E Crawford
W Toddington
T Lynes
C Rehbock
A Tierney
J Cope
J Armstrong
W Thornhill
J Maclan
D Gordon
T Bray and Mrs Bray, Miss Bray, and Edward and George Bray
T Herrington
N Hove
Mr and Mr Waterworth
S Douglas
C Daagden
C Wyberg
D Maceachern
J Nelville

The St Kilda's Passengers
About twenty of those passengers came ashore on Saturday last. The vessel herself could not get in, as the wind was unfavourable.

Charles Colgate, schr, 187 tons, Norrie, from Desolation Islands.
Carrington, three-masted schooner, 248 tons, Strickland, for London. Loading. Ballance and Goodliffe, agents.
Bolke, 170 tons, Meyer, for London. Loading Parker, Wood and Co, agents.
Priscilla, barque, 258 tons, Brown, for London Loading. AW Evans, agent.
Illovo, barque, 400 tons, Bolton, for London. Loading. Black, Baxter and Co, agents.
Ocean Sprite, barque, 233 tons, Hansford, from London. Discharging cargo. Steel, Dunn and Co, agents.
Burton Stather, barque, 420 tons, Warren, from London. Discharging cargo. AW Evans, agent.
Cape Good Hope, schooner, 106 tons, Closter, for Mauritius. Steel, Dunn and Co, agents.
Tein Esser, schooner, Grammont. To load for Mauritius. G Dentzelmann, agent.
Durban, barque, 322 tons, Jarvis, from London. Discharging cargo. AW Evans, agent.
Ebenezer, schooner, 200 tons, Evertsen, from Soderham. Discharging cargo. Black, Baxter and Co, agents.
Koenig Carl XV, brig, 237 tons, from London, February 20. Steell, Dunn and Co, agents.
Mary Moore, Amitage, from London, January 23. Steel, Dunn and Co, agents.
St. Kilda, three-masted schooner, 180 tons, A Storey, from Melbourne, 9th April. WB Lyle, agent.

Monday, April 2, 2018

St Helena Family History Resources

The Archives in St Helena

Church register:

Baptism register from the 1680s until the mid-20th century 
Marriage register from the 1680s until the mid-20th century. 
Death records from the 1680s to the mid-20th century. 
English state register: 
Birth register in 1853 ?? 1898 
Marriage Register in 1853 ?? 1936 
Death records in 1853 ?? 1962

Register for later years are available via Essex House, Main Street, Jamestown, St Helena Island, South Atlantic Ocean.

Ship Register:

Arrival and departure date for ships described in the newspaper ?? St Helen Guradia, from 1852 to 1923, when a list of ship type and name, captain's name, route and shipping, was listed in this weekly magazine. Later published in the church newspaper in 1899 ??1942, Wirebird in 1955 ?? 1966, St Helens News in 1958 also news about the ship arrivals and departures.

During the period in 1673 ?? In 1836 there is a register in the Ostindiska Kompaniets own register books. But there are no reports in the archive in the years 1836 ?? 1852

Duties performed and leases: Reports available for years from 1682 ?? 1885

Maureen Steven, Government Archivist, The Castle, Jamestown, St Helena Island, South Atlantic Ocean undertakes research for a fee depending on depth of investigation. St Helena: Explorers, prisoners and visitors, maps, photographs and heritage. Records of a unique and special island.

A Prospect of James Fort on the Island of St. Hellena [sic]. London, Samuel Thornton, c. 1711A view of the East India Company's fort on St Helena, the important stop on the route to the East Indies.  Shown are the triangular fort, the crane used for unloading supplies and the Governor's garden. Published in Thornton's 'English Pilot.

Wathen, Plantation House and St. Paul's Church, 1812

Napoleon on St Helena. In May of 1814 Napoleon was exiled to Elba but not for long: he escaped the following February and entered Paris. Events followed swiftly. Within three months the Battle of Waterloo took place, Louis XVIII was restored to the throne and Napoleon was exiled to the island of St Helena. He would remain there until his death in May 1821.

Sunday, April 1, 2018

Passengers to Natal per Ocean Ranger from St Helena 1874

After the abolition of the slave trade in the British Empire in 1832, a shortage of labour prevailed at the Cape. In response to this situation, the Cape government shipped more than 22 000 St Helenians to the mainland between 1873 and 1884.

Passengers per schooner OCEAN RANGER from St Helena arrived at Natal May 5 1874.
(surname, forename and age)

YON Martha 50
YON Sarah 20
BENNETT Martha 40
KNIPE William 20
RICHARDS Matilda 18
PETERS Emily 19
LEO Elizabeth 18
JUDD Jane 36
JUDD Charles 13
BOWERS McLaren (?) 23
JOHN Sarah 25
POWELL Wm Henry 30
POWELL Sarah 27
POWELL Jemima 8
POWELL Albert 5
POWELL Ernest 3
HAMILTON Matilda 15
MITTENS (?) Elizabeth 50
BENJAMINE William 38
BENJAMINE Cornelius 8
BENJAMINE Infant 6 mths
RICH Ann 30*
SMITH John 32
SMITH Elizabeth 33
SMITH Joseph 12
SMITH John 10
SMITH Hester 8
SMITH William 5
SMITH Walter 3
SMITH Abraham 1
HOYLES James F 19
BRUCE Charles 18
MASON Richard 19
BRUCE Ellen 16
PHILLIPS Harriet 19
GEORGE Rose 30
GEORGE Thomas 25
PAYNE Hannah 46
PAYNE Elizabeth 14
HASTIE Margaret 37
SINGER Elizabeth 22
BOWERS Ellen 20
BENNETT Sarah 24
HENRY Sarah 14
MAGGOT Caroline 27
DAWSON Isabella 32
DAWSON Albert 12
GEORGE Mary 16
GEORGE Louisa 18
JONAS Sarah 18
THOMAS Elizabeth 17
BURWICK Eliza 30
LONDON (or LOUDON) Martha 24
DELANY Mary 32
HENRY Eliz. 17
ELLIS Thomas 42
ELLIS Ellen 30
ELLIS Eliz. Jane 16
ELLIS Chas Edw. 14
ELLIS Lena 4
ELLIS John 3
ELLIS Thomas (Inf)
BAGLEY Benjamin 50
FORD Ellen 30
CROWIE Saml. 40
CROWIE Louisa 38
CROWIE Margaret 15
CROWIE Joseph 13
CROWIE John 11
CROWIE Eliza 9
CROWIE Martha 9
CROWIE William 7
CROWIE Emma ...

* A telegram dated 13 Mary 1874, sent by the Assistant Protector of Immigrants Durban to the Protector of Immigrants Maritzburg, noted:

Immigrants per Ocean Ranger left for Maritzburg yesterday afternoon. R. Thompson's servant Ann Rich aged Thirty dark complexion deserted from wagons in Durban.

Instructions were to issue a warrant for her arrest. Ann Rich was one of several indentured immigrants (domestic servants and other) on board the Ocean Ranger destined for employment in Natal: in Ann’s case, this was apparently not a welcome prospect. Unfortunately, we know no more of her history.

A deceased estate file dated 1876 is held at Pietermaritzburg Archives Repository for Emma Knipe, described simply as ‘a St Helena girl’. Possibly she was a relative of the William Knipe who was a passenger on the Ocean Ranger in 1874.

St Helena in more recent times