Friday, February 8, 2019

Whaling in Natal: 1900 to 1975



SS Abraham Larsen Factory Ship with two tugs


In 1907, two Norwegians (Jacob Egeland and Johan Bryde) started whaling off the coast of Natal, with a factory sited below the Bluff in Durban. It was to become the largest land-based whaling operation in the world. Two steam whale catchers were brought out from Sandjefjord in Norway and whaling began on 3 July 1908 when the first whale, a 40 foot Humpback, was brought in to the port. The company was named the South African Whaling Company.

Objections were soon raised about the site of the whaling station, which was then moved to the sea side of the Bluff near Cave Rock, but the penetrating smell of the operations at the factory remained a problem for residents on the Bluff. The station was moved again, towards the South West, where the winds carried the smell in a different direction. 

Egeland and Bryde's partnership came to an end in 1909. With a cousin, Abraham Larsen, Egeland then formed the Union Whaling and Fishing Company in 1910. By 1912 thirteen whaling companies were registered in Durban. 

Union Whaling Company came into being in July 1920, formed by Larsen and Egeland who had started the Union Whaling and Fishing Company, and was to last to the end of the whaling era, merging with the Premier Whaling Company in 1954 and operating the largest shore whaling station in the world. By 1960 850 people were employed in the Company. Coastal whaling ended in 1975.





1900s
1920s



5 comments:

ANDREW VAN RENSBURG said...

Very interesting post, Mole. Thank you.

Unknown said...

I heard there were 6 small whale stations along Natal coast. Do you know anything about this. Port Shepstone was mentioned. My son is trying to research this

Mole said...


Thanks for your comment. Will try to find further information. Best Wishes, Mole

Mole said...

Have a look at

http://natalia.org.za/Files/46/Natalia%20No%2046%20A%20Glimpse.pdf

In 1908 there was speculation that a whaling station was to be established on the north bank of the river. That too was a non-starter.

Hope this is helpful.

Mole said...

Hope you saw this comment and had a look at the link.